Columbia Gazetteer is a comprehensive
encyclopedia of geographical places, and features political, physical and
special places like national parks, monuments and shopping malls.
The entries include information on demography; physical
geography; political boundaries; industry, trade, and service
activities; agriculture; cultural, historical, and archeological points
of interest; transportation lines; longitude, latitude, and elevations;
distance to relevant places; pronunciations; official local government
place-names and changed or variant names and spellings.
How to Search Columbia Gazetteer
are three types of searches possible:
allows you to look up information on places by
you enter Columbia Gazetteer, click on "Place-Name Search"
bar at the top of the page. Type the name of a place in the
search box and click <GO>.
results are listed alphabetically. The nearest match to your
search term is highlighted in yellow with 60 other entries appearing above and
below the matched place name. To read the entry for any item on
the list, click on the place name or the words in blue.
This search looks through the text of all the
entries in the Gazetteer for the word/s or phrase/s you enter in the search
in the word/s or phrase in the search box and click <GO>.
The results are displayed alphabetically by place-name. Click on
the place name to go to the full entry for any place or term on the
list. The frame on the left side of the page displays your search and
the number of entries found for the search.
exact wording, use quotation marks. "Oil pipeline" will
retrieve the exact phrase. Oil pipeline will retrieve the words oil and
pipeline no matter where they occur in the entry.
of Place search
Say you want to find the number of
in the United States with
populations greater than
500,000. You would use the
Type of place search.
This search lets you be very specific in the type of list you retrieve
by using a controlled vocabulary of pre-selected criteria. The
criteria are: type of place (over 170);population, area, length, width,
depth, elevation and capacity; continent and country
on Type of Place Serach at the top of
the page. In the search boxes under Type of Place
select your criteria (city, harbor, oil field, etc.) from the drop
down menus. You may select up to three criteria per search from
the over 170 available. In this case the criteria would be
(To broaden your search you could select two additional types of
places like borough, and
town. The additional terms are
connected by an implied "OR" statement and selects all of the
type places chosen)
Criteria: The search boxes under "other Criteria"
allow you to further limit your search connecting selected criteria by
an implied "AND" statement. Only entries that match each
specific value selected will be returned. These criteria should be
chosen very carefully. You may select up to 5 different criteria and
comparisons and values (5 boxes in three columns).
this search we are only using one criteria. In the first column
choose 'population' from the drop down menu. The
second column comparison selected would be '
is greater than'.
In the third column you would type the value of
All three columns must be filled in or the search will ignore it.
limit the search to a continent or country, click the arrow next to the
search box, highlight the country or
continent from the drop down menu, click on it to make it appear
in the search box. For this search you would select
America for the continent and United States for the country.
<GO> and the search will return a list of cities in the United
States with populations greater than 500,000.
the left side of the page in the frame are list the number of entries
found and the search criteria.
right hand column of the list can show a variety of criteria about each
place, if it is included in the Gazetteer entry, by clicking on the
arrow at the top of the column and select the criteria.
read an entry from any list, click on the place names in the far left
column or the words in blue.
inside the frame containing the search results list or Gazetteer entry,
then click your browser's "print" button.
one Gazetteer entry can be printed at a time.
find out more about searching and the different features available in
the Columbia Gazetteer Online, use the HELP screens throughout the